Agra Fort is a UNESCO World Heritage site located in Agra, India. The fort is also known as Lal Qila, Fort Rouge and Red Fort of Agra. It is about 2.5 km northwest of its much more famous sister monument, the Taj Mahal. The fort can be more accurately described as a walled palatial city.
The fort was constructed by the third Mughal emperor Akbar. The fort is made of red sand stone and it consists of small palaces and structures such as Jahangir Palace and the Khas Mahal and built three marble mosques in them viz. Moti-Masjid, Nagina-Masjid and Mina-Masjid.
Ever since Babur defeated and killed Ibrahin Lodi at Panipat in 1526, Agra played an important center of Mughal Empire. Akbar chose this city on the bank of River Yamuna as his capital and proceeded to build a strong citadel for the purpose. It is said that he destroyed the damaged old fort of Agra for the purpose and raised this grand group of monuments instead in red sandstone. Started in 1565, it took eight years and thirty-five lakh rupees to complete its construction and is second only to Taj in Agra. Qasim Khan Mir Barr-u-Bahr supervised the construction of this building. Akbar arrived in Agra in 1558. He ordered to renovate the fort with red sandstone.
At the end of his life, his son, Aurangzeb, in the fort, a punishment that might not seem so harsh, considering the luxury of the fort, imprisoned Shah Jahan. It is rumored that Shah Jahan died in Muasamman Burj, a tower with a marble balcony with an excellent view of the Taj Mahal.
The Fort of Agra is a perpetual monument to Mughal art and architecture. The fort is a huge complex built of red sandstone and has four gates.
The Fort houses the beautiful Pearl Mosque and numerous palaces including Jahangir Palace, Diwan-I-Am, Khas Mahal, Palace of Mirrors and the jewel-like Gem Mosque.
The fort was constructed by the Mughal emperor Akbar the Great. The fort is situated towards the east of Agra city in Uttar Pradesh, India. The walls and roof of the Fort are decorated with splendid example of Mughal architecture.