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Title : First aid tips Previous tip PreviousNext Next tip

FIRST AID TIPS
Accidents happen both in the house and outside. Many of these turn fatal because the people around the victim either panic or commit a grave mistake because of lack of knowledge. It is necessary that' every person should know a few basic first-aid tips which could provide succour to the victim before the doctor arrives.

 Profuse bleeding from a wound


a) Try to stop the bleeding initially or it could lead to harmful consequences.
b) Make the person lie flat on the ground.
c) Take a clean cloth and dip it in ice-cold water, mixed with an antiseptic solution like dettol. Place it over the. wound after wringing out the excess water.
d) If the bleeding doesn't stop, put a padded cotton pad over the wound and tie it tightly. Call the doctor .

 Small cuts


a) Wash the wound with water.
b) Apply tincture iodine or dettol on the wound.
c) Put band-aid, if required.

 Burns


a) Wash the affected area under running water for a few minutes.
b) Apply burnol on the area after pat drying it.
c) If burnol is not available, apply a concentrated salt solution over the area.

 Fire


a) If your clothes catch fire, roll on the floor to extinguish the fire or wrap a blanket over you to cut of the supply of air.
b) Clothes stuck to the body should be removed with oil.
c) After every 15-20 minutes, give some water mixed with a little salt to the victim.
d) Call the doctor immediately.
e) If the fire is caused by a short circuit, switch off the mains and try to drowse the fire with an fire extinguisher, never water.
f) Never use a lift, if fire catches a high-rise building. Use the stairs instead.
g) Always keep the fire extinguisher handy.
h) Call the fire-brigade immediately.


 Electric shock


a) Switch off the mains before trying to disentangle a person.
b) Always use a wooden stick or rubber gloves while holding a person who has received a shock.
c) Stand on a wooden stool or board or wear dry rubber slippers as an additional precaution.
d) Give the victim some hot coffee/tea or milk to help  him recover from the shock. Also keep a hot water bottle near his feet.

e) If the victim faints, try to recover him by massaging  his soles and palms and sprinkling some water on the face.
f) Try to give artificial respiration to the victim if required, till expert aid arrives.


 Choking


a) Mothers always face this problem when their children are small. Remain calm and do not panic. It could aggravate the situation.
b) Make the child lie on his stomach and hit on the back in order to bring out the object.
c) If you find it impossible to retrieve the object, call for medical aid.

 Animal Bites


a) If the animal is a pet, wash the wound and get yourself injected against tetanus.
b) If the animal is a stray, like dog, cat or a monkey, wash the wound thoroughly under running water for 3-4 minutes. Apply antiseptic soap, like dettol and wash it clean.
c) Get yourself vaccinated against rabies without any delay.

 Snake Bite


a) Tie a tight cord a little above the bite to restrict the flow of the venom.
b) But, after every half-an hour, remove the cord for a  minute before re-tying it to allow the free flow of blood.
c) Get the victim an anti-venom injection without delay.
  
 Fever


a) Give the victim coffee or tea from time to time. Fruit juices, mixed with glucose, should be given to the patient. Give a liquid diet, like rice gruel, dalia, milk, vegetable soup, to the patient.
b) After the patient recovers, give him a diet of rice and dal, 'khichari', roti and vegetables, devoid of strong spices.

 Dysentery


a) Give the patient water, mixed with a little salt and sugar, from time to time, to replenish the lost water from the body.
b) Give him a diet of buttermilk, rice gruel, vegetable soup, cooked and mashed bananas, boiled and diluted dals.
c) If the patient is an infant, continue to give mother's milk.

 Heat Stroke


a) Wrap the victim in water-soaked towel.
b) Put an ice pack on the forehead and the head of the .
c) To prevent nausea, give him lemon juice or 'panna' prepared from raw mangoes.
d) In case of fever, consult a doctor.
e) During summers, consume 8-10 glasses of water daily to prevent heat strokes, drink a glass of pudina (mint) juice before going outdoors.

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