Dandruff is a condition of the scalp that causes flakes of skin to appear. Dandruff is a common condition, which is marked by itching. Dandruff is the shedding of dead skin cells from the scalp. As skin cells die a small amount of flaking is normal; about 487,000 cells/cm2 get released normally after detergent treatment. Some people, however, experience an unusually large amount of flaking either chronically or as a result of certain triggers, up to 800,000 cells/cm2, which can also be accompanied by redness and irritation.
Dandruff is affecting almost half of the population at the post-pubertal age and of any gender and ethnicity. During winter session most people wash their hair with warm water during the winter season, this often causes the scalp to become dryn and flaky.
Here are few causes of dandruff are:
1) When people do not brush their hair enough or do not air their scalp, there is no way for the dead skin to leave the scalp area. Accumulation of such dead skin can cause dandruf.
2) People who have a yeast allergy or are very sensitive to yeast tend to have a higher risk of developing dandruff.
3) Those of us who have drier skin than the rest have chances of getting dandruff.
4) It has been said that certain types of illnesses such as weak immunity, people recuperating from heart strokes, people affected by Parkinson's disease and seborrheic dermatitis cause an increased risk of dandruff.
5) When we do not regularly shampoo and clean our hair, there is an excess build up of oil and dead skin on our scalps.
6) Malassezia is said to be a fungus that is naturally present on every person's body including the scalp. It usually is harmless but grows specifically in areas where oil glands are more.
7) It is also believed that a diet containing less than the required amount of zinc, vitamins and fats causes an increase in dandruff.
8) Beware of is stress as stress has been directly linked to dandruff.
Here are a few home remedies which can prevent Dandruff:
1) Curd (dahi) with its acidic and conditioning properties helps fight dandruff. Ferment a small amount of curd (enough to cover your scalp) for two days. Apply it and keep it for one hour. Wash it off with a mild shampoo. Do this at least twice a week.
2) Regular henna (mehndi) application has been followed for centuries and has been known for decreasing dandruff. It has curative as well as conditioning properties.
3) Aloe vera gel contains healing, antibacterial and anti-fungal properties. Applying fresh aloe vera gel on the scalp is another way of keeping your dandruff at bay. Keep the gel on for 30 minutes. Wash your hair with an aloe vera based shampoo.
4) Fenugreek (methi) is a herb that is readily available in our kitchen. It has anti-fungal and scalp soothing properties. Soak fenugreek seeds overnight in water and grind to a fine paste. Apply this paste on the scalp for 30 to 45 minutes. Wash with a mild shampoo.
5) Gram flour (besan) is an effective cleansing agent. It removes the dirt and is handy for getting rid of dandruff. Apply gram flour mixed with curd on your scalp. Rinse after 20-30 minutes.
6) An apple a day keeps the doctor away. Well, it can keep your dandruff away too. It has anti-fungal and anti-inflammatory properties. Make a paste with equal quantities of apple and orange and apply it on the scalp. Wash your hair after 20-30 minutes with a shampoo.
7) Neem leaves with their anti-bacterial, anti-fungal, antiseptic and anti-inflammatory properties are highly effective in controlling dandruff. Boil neem leaves in water and use this water to rinse hair.
8) Basil leaves (Tulsi) has been used since ages for its healing properties. Make a paste of tulsi leaves and amla powder mixed with water. Massage on the scalp. Let it remain for half an hour. Wash the hair with water.
9) Fresh lime juice, your favourite summer drink doubles up as dandruff-basher as well. The acid in lime scrubs out the dead cells and helps cure dandruff. Add a tablespoon of fresh lime juice in water in your last rinse when you wash your hair.
10)Ginger root and beetroot, two salient features of many a classic dishes can also do wonders for your hair.
11)Scalp dryness can be cured with regular use of extra virgin olive oil, an effective natural moisturizer.
12)The herb fenugreek has antifungal and soothing properties that can help control dandruff to a great extent.
13)White vinegar is one of the best home treatments for dandruff. Vinegar has acetic acid that prevents growth of bacteria and fungi on your scalp. Mix one part vinegar with three parts water. Use the mixture to wash your hair and then rinse it out with water.
14)Baking soda can help reduce the overactive fungi that causes dandruff. With repeated use, it also helps restore production of natural oils that keep your scalp from becoming dry and flaky. Wet your hair and rub some baking soda onto your scalp. After some time, rinse your hair well with water. Do not shampoo your hair for a while after this treatment.
15)Coconut oil helps eliminate dandruff due to its anti-fungal properties. It also moisturizes dry scalp and provides relief from itching.
Here's a couple of common tips to get rid of dandruff :
1) Have a healthy diet.
2) Get sleep.
3) Use dandruff shampoo.
3) Drink fish oil.
4) Use baby shampoo.
5) Keep your hair moisturized.
6) Use a good conditioner.