Sister Nivedita was born Margaret Nobleshe was more popularly known as sister Nivedita. She was a British teacher, author and social worker. She met Swami Vivekananda in the year 1895 in England and was impressed by his teachings. So, she migrated to India in the year 1898 to learn more. Swami Vivekananda christened her Nivedita which means “Dedicated to God”. Sister Nivedita embraced sanyas in 1898.
Margaret Noble was born on 28th October in 1867.She was born in Ireland as the daughter of Mary Isabel and Samuel Richmond Noble. Her father always taught her that, service to mankind is the true service to God. His words made an impression on Nivedita's mind. She was very fond of music and art. After completing her education, she took up the job of a teacher and worked there for a long period of ten consecutive years from 1884 to 1894.
Margaret read Buddha’s teachings and was impressed by his spirituality. She also came into contact with Swami Vivekananda, who taught her that selfishness and ignorance are the root causes of pain and suffering. Vivekananda’s teachings changed Margaret visibly and she became keenly interested in Indian spirituality. She was the first European lady to become a Hindu monk.
In the year 1898, Sister Nivedita established a school for girls, who were deprived of even basic education. She was instrumental in various altruistic activities. Her aim was to bring about an improvement in the lives of Indian women belonging to various social classes and castes. She tried to bridge the gap and put an end to the caste distinctions.
She had good relations with many intellectuals of the Bengali community such as Rabindranath Tagore, the famous Nobel laureate writer. During the later years of her life, she engaged in activities that promoted and brought forth the cause of India's Independence. Her writings expressed her pan-Indian nationalist views.
Sister Nivedita took up the struggle for Indian independence. She made friends with Sri Aurobindo. Her keen interest in Indian independence made her forego her links with Ramakrishna Mission, as she did not want the British government to target the order because of her. Her western origins helped her achieve many tasks that may have been beyond native Indians. She was responsible for promoting pan-Indian nationalism. After a selfless life of tireless service to mankind, Sister Nivedita passed away in 1911 at Darjeeling.