Ganges River: The Ganges is a major river in the Indian subcontinent flowing east through the plains of northern India into Bangladesh. This river begins at the Gangotri Glacier in the Indian state of Uttarakhand, in the central Himalayas, and drains into the Bay of Bengal through its vast delta in the Sunderbans. The Ganga approximately 1557 miles long.
The river known as the Ganges is officially and popularly known by its Hindu name, Ganga. The river Ganges is very sacred to the Hindus. According to Hindu mythology, Ganga flowed in the heavens but then was ordered to go down to earth. Fearing that her forceful descent might wash away the earth, the gods sought the help of Shiva. Shiva broke the fall of Ganga-Ganges by capturing her in his mighty locks. Since then, Ganga-Ganges resides on top of Shiva's head as his second wife, the first being Parvati.
According to the Hindus, the river Ganges is a sacred river and the Hindus believe that if one takes bath in this river, then all your sins will be forgiven and it helps in attaining salvation.
Brahmaputra River: Brahmaputra is the biggest of the Indian rivers, even bigger than the Ganga. This trans-boundary river is called Brahmaputra in India but is known by the name of Yarlung Tsamgpo River in Tibet. The Brahmaputra River is very significant it has a great mythological story associated with it. Brahmaputra conceived its name from Sanskrit word Brahma means god and putra means son. Therefore this river, in India, is considered as son of god. Also Yarlung means imperial blood. Brahmaputra is regarded as one of the great rivers of southern Asia 1,800 miles long.
The Brahmaputra River flows 2,900 km from its source in the Kailas range of the Himalayas to its massive delta and the Bay of Bengal in Bangladesh. It flows through China, India, and Bangladesh, but its watershed includes Nepal, Bhutan and Burma as well. The river drops steeply from high on the Tibetan Plateau through the world's deepest valley (5,075m) into northeast India where the river eventually merges with the Ganges and Meghan rivers to form the largest river delta in the world (60,000km2).
Kaveri River:The Kaveri River is the smallest of the five major rivers of the Indian peninsula, the others being the Mahanadi, Godavari, Narmada, and Krishna. However, it forms perhaps the most important watershed of the South. Known as "Dakshin Ganga" (the Ganges of the South), it serves as a lifeline to the people of Southern Karnataka, and the Cauvery basin of Tamil Nadu.
The River Kaveri flows through the states of Karnataka and Tamil Nadu. Its source is a spring in the Brahmagiri Mountains in Mysore at a height of 1320 metres above sea level. The Kaveri is not the same throughput its length of 765 kilometers. The Kaveri river is joined by two small river and it is then collected at Krishnaraj Sagar reservoir, on bank of which the very beautiful Mysore – Brindavan garden are situated.
Yamuna River: The holy Yamuna River begins from Yamunotri, which is north of Haridwar in the Himalayas Mountains. Yamunotri, which is north of Haridwar in the Himalayas Mountains. Yamuna River is 1,370 KM long.
According to legend, the Yamuna is the daughter of Surya and Sharanyu and the twin sister of yama, the god of Death. It is said that Sharanyu, unable to bear the lustre of the quivering Surya, closed her eyes upon which he cursed her. It was then that Yamuna was born. The Yamuna is thus also known as the quivering river.
Yamuna according to Hindu Mythology is considered to be more sacred than Ganges since Lord Krishna use to play near the Yamuna.
Narmada River: River Narmada is the fifth largest river in Indian Subcontinent. Narmada is a Sanskrit word meaning one who endows the bliss. River Narmada flows in the central India through the states of Madhya Pradesh (The heart of India), Gujarat and Maharashtra. This river forms a traditional boundary between North India and South India.
The river Narmada descended from the sky as by the order of Lord Shiva. The origin is situated at the mountain series of 'Maikal'in Madhya Pradesh. Believed to have originated from the body of Shiva, the river is also known as Jata Shankari. The worship of Shiva is common in these areas, and each stone or pebble found in the bed of the Narmada is believed to be a Shivalinga. All the places along the banks like Omkareshwar, Maheshwar, and Mahadeo are all named after Shiva. Among the sacred rivers Narmada holds a significant place. The river is considered the mother and giver of peace.
Krishna River: Krishna is very clean and one of the longest river in India. It means dark and also known by the name of Krishnaveni (Sanskrit). Krishna River originates from Mahabaleswar in Maharashtra (located in the west of India) and goes into the mouth of Bay of Bengal (On east cost of India). Flowing through the three states Maharashtra, Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh it covers an approximate area of 1300 kms. An interesting fact about this river is that it originates from the mouth of a statue of a cow in the ancient temple of Mahadev (Lord Shiva) in Mahabaleshwar.
Godavari:The River Godavari originates near Trimbak in Nashik flows towards the Eastern Ghats into the Bay of Bengal. This second largest river is considered to be one of the big river basins in India. The river is approximately 1,465 km long and has a total catchment area of 31 mha. The principal tributaries of the River Godavari are Penganga, Pranahita, Sabari, Indravati, Manjeera and Manair.
Godavari is sometimes also referred to as the 'Ganga of the South'. After every twelve years, a major bathing festival called as Pushkaram is held on the banks of the Godavari River.
Tapti:Tapti River is one of the major rivers in India. Tapti River is also known by the name of Tapi River. It flows in the Central India. Tapti River is one of the three rivers which flow from east to west. This major river of Indian Peninsula has a total length of 724 KM. This river rises from the Satpura range of southern Madhya Pradesh. Tapti goes from Madhya Pradesh to Maharashtra and then to Gujarat and then finally ends up there in the Arabian Sea.
According to Hindu Mythology River Tapti is a daughter of Lord Surya. Purana are dedicated to this holy river which says that virtues of this river are as holy as Ganges. The Tapi purana states "Ganga Snane, Narmada Darshane ch Tapti Smarane paapam nashyati", meaning by bathing in the Ganges, beholding Narmada and remembering Tapi, one can be delivered from all sins.
Tapati, Tapti, Tapee, Taapi are the other names used for the Tapi river in India.
Saraswati: Saraswati River (Sarasvati) has derived her name after the goddess of knowledge, Ma Saraswati. Saraswati is an ancient river that flowed in northern India during the Vedic era. Although the river does not have a physical existence today, the ancient river lost in the desert. The Triveni Sangam in Allahabad is a confluence of 3 rivers, the Ganges, Yamuna, and Saraswati, of these three. The legendary Saraswati River is invisible and is said to flow underground and join the other two rivers from below and the point of confluence is a sacred place for Hindus. It is also a common perception the confluence of these three rivers is not visible to the eye.