The famous Lotus temple of Delhi is one of the remarkable architectures of Bahai faith. This temple is one of the latest Bahai temples in India and joins six other Bahai temples around the world. The temple has no restrictions for visitors and is open to people from all religions.The Bahai temple was open to public in December 1986. Since then the temple has received recognition from all over the world for its splendid architecture and design. Lotus Temple is among the most visited monuments in India.
Lotus is a symbol of peace, purity, love and immortality. It is this particular specialty of Lotus flower which makes the flower an important icon in Indian culture and society. This is why the design of Lotus temple has been inspired by lotus flower.
Fariborz Sahba, Canadian architect of Iranian origin with the help of a team of about 800 Engineers, Artisans, Workers, and Technicians made their valuable contribution in completing the temple.
Lotus temple was made of marble, cement, dolomite and sand.The entire area of the temple premise is of 105,000 sqm.The structure comprises more than 20 Petals that are arranged in 3 Ranks. The petals are made of concrete cast and are wrapped in Marble.There are 9 Entry Points in the temple that open directly into a central hall that can accommodate as many as 25,000 worshippers.
One of the significant features of the Lotus Temple is the precision with which the temple has been made without upsetting the Indian history and simultaneously making it an engineering masterpiece.
Facts about Lotus temple –
· Ardishir Rustanpur of Hyderabad had been generous enough to donate his entire life savings to buy the plot for Lotus Temple to be constructed.
· The architect, Fariborz Sahba, was approached in 1976, to construct the Lotus Temple. He later managed the fund in such a way that he could also make a greenhouse, where plants and flowers were studied that would be suitable for planting in the premises.
· Award given to the architect Mr. Sabha in the year 1987 from International Federation for Art and Architecture, USA.
· The Lotus Temple made it to the Guinness Book of World Records in 2001.
· The 1994 edition of Encyclopedia Britannica in its 'Architecture' section gives recognition to the Temple as an outstanding achievement of the time.
· The Lotus Temple has been photographed by famous Photographer Raghu Rai for the Times Books International for the book 'Forever in Bloom: The Lotus of Bahapur'.
· The Lotus Temple of New Delhi is also featured on a stamp of Delhi of Rs. 6.50.
· A CNN report has listed the Lotus Temple of Delhi as the most visited establishment in India.