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Title : Bipin Chandra Pal Previous topic PreviousNext Next topic

Bipin Chandra Pal was an Indian freedom fighter,politician, journalist, an eminent orator, writer and teacher. But above all he was one of the three famous patriots, known as the trilogy of Lal Bal Pal.The other two were Lala Lajpat Rai and Bal Gangadhar Tilak. He was one of the main architects of the Swadeshi movement. He stood against the partition of Bengal.Lala Lajpat Rai and Bal Gangadhar Tilak - from the Lal Bal Pal team, Bipin Chandra Pal doled out a number of extremist measures like boycotting goods made by British, burning Western clothes and lockouts in the British owned businesses and industrial concerns to get their message across to the foreign rulers of India.

Bipin Chandra Pal was born on 7 November 1858 into a wealthy Hindu family at Habiganj, which is now in Bangladesh. His father was Ramchandra Pal.He was a staunch radical in both public and private life.He came to Calcutta and got admitted in the Presidency college but left studies before graduating.However he had remarkable Literacy competence and studied various books extensively. He started his career as school master and worked as a librarian in the Calcutta Public Library. He married a widow of belonging to higher caste. He was also among the first who openly rebuked Mahatma Gandhi and his followers because they sought to reinstate the current government with no government or by the priestly tyranny of Gandhiji. He expressed support to the Age of Consent Bill of 1891. Even during his political career he was ready to go to all extremes when it came to conscience or conviction.

He went to England in the year 1898 to study comparative ideology. He started the weekly Paridaashak when he was only 22 years old. His journalistic career saw him in the editorial staff of the Bengal Public Opinion, Calcutta, as the editor of the Tribune in Lahore from 1887-88, as founder editor of the English weekly, India in 1901, and as the founder editor of the English daily Bande Mataram in 1906, which was later banned by the government.

He had to spend his time in exile in London from 1908 to 1911. During this time he started weeklySwaraj.He took part in the Bombay session of the Congress in 1904. When the British government asked him to provide evidence against Sri Aurobindo in the Bande Mataram sedition case, he refused and so he was arrested and imprisoned for six months.

A journalist himself, Pal used his profession in spreading patriotic feelings and social awareness. He was the editor of the 'Democrat', the 'Independent' and many other journals and newspapers. He published a biography of Queen Victoria in Bangla. 'Swaraj and the Present Situation' and 'The Soul of India' are the two of his many books written by him.

Pal had a 'never say die' attitude and he lived by his Principle. He revolted against the evils and ill practices of Hinduism. He was a member of the Brahmo Samaj and believed in the equality of men and women. He encouraged widow marriages and female education. India lost one of its most ardent patriots when he passed away in 1932.

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