Shivaram Rajguru was born in an average middle-class Hindu Brahmin family at Khed in Pune district on 24th August 1908. He was a great Indian freedom fighter who played a major role in the India's struggle for Independence.He is amongst those great Indian revolutionaries who sacrificed their lives for the freedom of country.
He had great admiration for Shivaji and his guerilla tactics. His full name was Hari Shivaram Rajguru. He came to Varanasi at a very early age where he learnt Sanskrit and read the Hindu religious scriptures. Since his childhood days, had witnessed the brutal atrocities that the Imperial British Raj inflicted on India and his people. He joined the movement and became an active member of the Hindustan Socialist Republican Army (H.S.R.A). Rajguru had fearless spirit and indomitable courage. The only object of his adoration and worship was his motherland for whose liberation he considered no sacrifice too great. He was a close associate of Chandra Shekhar Azad, Sardar Bhagat Singh and Jatin Das and his field of activity was U.P and Punjab, with Kanpur, Agra and Lahore as his headquarters.
Rajguru was a good shot and was regarded as the gunman of the party. He took part in various activities of the revolutionary movement, the most important being Saunder's murder. Chandra Shekhar Azad, Shivram Rajguru, Bhagat Singh and Jai Gopal were deputed for the work.On 17 December 1928, while Saunders came out of his office and started his motor- cycle, he was shot dead in front of the police headquarters at Lahore by Rajguru. Azad shot dead Channan Singh, a Head Constable, who wanted to chase the three revolutionaries. All of them escaped through the D.A.V. College compound. The same night posters of the HSRA declaring 'Saunders is dead-Lalaji is avenged' were put up throughout the city of Lahore. On 20 December, Rajguru left Lahore disguised as Bhagat Singh's servant, who travelled in a first class compartment with the wife and the young son of the revolutionary Bhagawati Charan.Rajguru then went into hiding in Nagpur. Whilst taking shelter in the house of an RSS worker, he even met Dr. K. B. Hedgewar. On his travel to Pune, however, Shivaram was finally arrested. Bhagat Singh, Shivaram Rajguru and Sukhdev Thapar were then convicted of their crime and sentenced to death.
The whole nation was awakened and the names of Bhagat Singh, Rajguru and Sukhdev became as popular as that of Mahatma Gandhi. Many leaders attempted to save their lives, but they failed. An appeal to the Privy Council was also rejected. Rajguru along with his two comrades was hanged in the Lahore jail in the evening of 23 March 1931 and their bodies were burnt under police supervision. At the time of his martyrdom, Rajguru was hardly 23 years of age.However, he will always be remembered in the pages of Indian history for his valor and dedication of his life towards India's independence.