myth and facts

Title : Various gardening tips Previous tip PreviousNext Next tip


“Gardening is any way that humans and nature come together with the intent of creating beauty.” - Tina James

"I like trees because they seem more resigned to the way they have to live than other things do."- Willa Cather

"No unemployment insurance can be compared to an alliance between a man and a plot of land.", Henry Ford

"To see things in the seed, that is genius.", Lao-tzu

Here are a few tips on gardening and plant care:

Lawn care:

  • While going for a grass lawn, choose between cool season grasses (bluegrass, ryegrass) and warm season grasses (Bermuda grass, Zoysia grass, St. Augustine grass etc).
  • Also choose for type of usage of grass. For example rye grass needs frequent watering while Zoysia grass survives tough climates.


  • Plants are naturally drawn towards sunlight making their leaves and stems bend over. Turn plants a quarter of a turn every few days.


  • Plants that are grown in temperatures lower than those recommended for them suffer. Look for leaves around the outside – they would be the first to suffer.
  • A combination of high temperature, low humidity and dry compost causes plants to wilt rapidly and foliage to shrivel.
  • Falling leaves indicates rapidly changing temperature especially if compost is too dry or too wet.


  • Water is vital for plants growth. Plants absorb water through their roots and release it into the atmosphere through their leaves.
  • Tapping a side of a clay pot is one way to judge if compost inside is dry. A ringing note indicates that it needs water and a dull note indicates that no water is needed.
  • Wilting of plant indicates too much and too little water. Plants seldom recover when water is not given. Healthy leaves and stem indicates sufficient water.
  • To save an excessively watered plant, remove the soil ball from pot, keeping the plant inside, use an absorbent kitchen towel to soak up excess water, leave the soil ball until it dries a bit and pot up the plant into fresh compost and a clean pot.
  • Lightly misting leaves with clean water aids plant recovery. Do not mist plants with hairy and soft leaves as it leaves unsightly marks.
  • Dry and brittle leaf edges, brown edges on yellow and wilting leaves, old leaves falling of, flowers that fade quickly etc indicate that compost is too dry.
  • Large plants require more water than small ones.
  • Large plants in small pots need frequent watering.
  • Water needed is influenced by type of compost.
  • Don’t splash water on flower and on soft and hairy leaves.
  • Don’t water plants in the evening especially in winter. Watering is best carried out early in the day.
  • Plants in clay pots need more water than those in plastic pots.


  • The amount of moisture in the air influences the health and growth of plants. Kitchens and bathrooms are more humid than others while living rooms are usually dry.
  • Leaves of many plants benefit from a light misting of clean water (prevent moisture from getting on the flowers).
  • Aerial roots on plants such as philodendrons are kept soft by misting them regularly with water. Do not mist them when temperature is low.
  • Do not mist spray when leaves are in sunlight. Droplets behave as lenses and burn the leaves.
  • Thin papery leaves indicate dry atmosphere and need for humidity while moulds indicate too much humidity

Grooming and care::

  • Flowers must be removed as soon as they start to fade. Remove flower stalks together with flower. Else they encourage diseases.
  • Dust and dirt are enemies of leaves. Large leaves can be cleaned wih soft, damp cloth.
  • To trim shoots, use sharp scissors severing them just above leaf joint. Tips of young foliage plants can be nipped off to encourage development of side shoots.


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Added by  : Gaurab Kr Baruah