Title : Republic Day of India Previous | Next
The Republic Day celebration held on 26th January every year in our country is one of those days. On this day, India became a Sovereign Democratic Republic. Since then, 26th January is celebrated as our Republic Day every year. Sovereign means a country which is not only internally supreme but is also independent of any outside control. Democracy is a government of the people, by the people and for the people. Therefore this day is celebrated all over the country with great pomp and show.
The origin of Republic day goes back to pre- independence days of 1929, when the Indian National Congress during its Lahore session under the President ship of Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru passed a resolution declaring 'Complete Independence' as the goal of the nation and decided to celebrate 26th January every year as the Independence day throughout the length and breadth of the country. From then on till the dawn of independence on Aug. 1947, the nation celebrated 26th Jan. as Independence Day. Later, when India wanted a day to mark its official birth 26th January, the independence day of the pre-independence days was chosen. On this day, 26th Jan. 1950 Indian constitution came into force and India was proclaimed to be a sovereign, democratic and a republic'.
Since then 26th Jan. every year has been celebrated as the Republic day in our country. A republic is a state, where the head of the state is elected and that the office is not hereditary.
Republic Day represents the true spirit of the independent India. Military parades, displays of military equipment and the national flag are important symbols on this date. India's national flag is a horizontal tricolor of deep saffron (kesaria) at the top, white in the middle and dark green at the bottom in equal proportion. The ratio of the flag's width to its length is two to three. A navy-blue wheel in the center of the white band represents the chakra. Its design is that of the wheel which appears on the abacus of the Sarnath Lion Capital of Ashoka. Its diameter approximates to the white band's width and it has 24 spokes.
The Republic Day is observed with much pomp and grandeur in India. It is quite fittingly observed in New Delhi and in the State capitals. The main attraction of Republic day is the special Republic day parade taken out at Rajpath, in front of India gate. Some foreign ministers are also invited as chief guests on this occasion.
The ceremony begins in the morning of 26th January with the laying of a wreath at the Amar Jawan Jyothi at the India Gate by the Prime Minister, as a mark of gratitude to the martyrs who have laid down their lives for the country. At exactly 8.00 a.m. the president reaches the Rajpath along with the Chief Guest. They are welcomed by the Prime Minister and the defence Minister.
The parade is followed by a pageant of spectacular displays from the different states of the country. These moving exhibits depict scenes of activities of people in those states and the music and songs of that particular state accompany each display. Each display brings out the diversity and richness of the culture of India and the whole show lends a festive air to the occasion.
The bravery awards are distributed to brave soldiers, martyrs, brave citizens and brave children. Brave children are brought by elephants on this occasion. After this Republic day parade starts with the flag march of all Indian forces. The President took salute from about 15,000 men of the Army, Navy, Air Force and the boys and girls of NCC. Armed strength of the country has been shown in this parade. Tableau from many states of India and Union territories, are the center of attraction for everyone on this occasion. The Rashtrapati Bhawan and important government buildings are decorated with light in the evening.
In the Parade, various types of tanks, guns, missiles, rockets, bombs etc. were shown. The names and particulars of each weapon were written on both sides of the carriers. People were very impressed to see these sophisticated weapons. They were proud that these weapons had been produced in India itself.
This was followed by contingents of school girls and boys. They were wearing colourful dresses. They all sang in chorus the famous patriotic song "Sare Jahan se Achcha, Hindustan Hamara".
It is the sacred duty of every Indian young and old to observe the Republic day of India. It is the day on which we should sincerely promise to guard our Constitution which has made India the Sovereign Democratic Republic.
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