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Acne is a very common problem affecting teenagers. Acne is a disorder of the hair follicles and sebaceous glands. With acne, the sebaceous glands are clogged, which leads to pimples and cysts.
It is a skin complaint in which spots, blackheads and pimples appear on the face, neck and body.
Acne is not just a problem for teenagers; it can affect people from ages 10 through 40. . Acne most often begins in puberty. During puberty, the male sex hormones (androgens) increase in both boys and girls, causing the sebaceous glands to become more active - resulting in increased production of sebum.
What causes acne?
Acne is caused by over activity of the sebaceous glands that secrete oily substances on to your skin.
Rising hormone levels during puberty may cause acne. In addition, acne is often inherited. Other causes of acne may include the following:
·    Blockage of external skin pores
·    Hormonal changes that take place during puberty
·    Secretion of excessive oil in the skin
·    Pregnancy
·    Menstrual periods
·    High stress levels
·    Contraceptive pills
 
What are the symptoms of acne?
Acne can occur anywhere on the body. However, acne most often appears in areas where there is a high concentration of sebaceous glands, including the following:
  • face
  • chest
  • upper back
  • shoulders
  • neck
The following are the most common symptoms of acne. However, each child may experience symptoms differently. Symptoms may include:
  • blackheads
  • whiteheads
  • pus-filled lesions that may be painful
  • nodules (solid, raised bumps)
The symptoms of acne may resemble other skin conditions. Always consult your child\\\'s physician for a diagnosis.
Different types of acne
Acne can appear on the skin as any of the following:
  • congested pores
  • white heads
  • black heads
  • pimples
  • pustules
  •  
  • Cysts (deep pimples, boils). The pus in pustules and cysts is sterile and does not actually contain infectious bacteria.
These blemishes occur wherever there are many oil (sebaceous) glands, mainly on the face, chest, and back.
 
Treatment of acne:
Specific treatment will be determined by your child\\\'s physician based on:
  • your child\\\'s age, overall health, and medical history
  • severity of the acne
  • your child\\\'s tolerance for specific medications, procedures, or therapies
  • expectations for the course of the condition
  • your opinion or preference
The goal of acne treatment is to minimize scarring and improve appearance. Treatment for acne will include topical or systemic drug therapy. Depending upon the severity of acne, topical medications (medications applied to the skin) or systemic medications (medications taken orally) may be prescribed by your child\\\'s physician. In some cases, a combination of both topical and systemic medications may be recommended.
 
 
Diagnosis of acne
Your GP will ask about your symptoms and examine you. He or she may also ask you about your medical history.
Acne is easily recognised by the appearance of the spots and by their distribution on the body.
There are several types of acne and your GP will be able to tell you which type you have after examining your skin.
·    Hereditary
Complications of acne
There are a number of things that can make your acne worse. These include the following.
  • \"\\"*\\"\"it may cause further inflammation and scarring. If you pick and squeeze the spots,
  • \"\\"*\\"\"Excessive production of male hormones may cause acne. For example, testosterone from conditions such   as polycystic ovary syndrome.
  • \"\\"*\\"\"Some contraceptive pills may make acne worse.
  • \"\\"*\\"\"Some cosmetic products such as moisturisers can make acne worse if they are greasy.
  • \"\\"*\\"\"Some medicines can make acne worse. These include some epilepsy medicines and steroid creams and ointments that are used for eczema.
 
Healing Hints
  1. Wash frequently with soap and water.
  2. Do not prick or squeeze the pimples with bare fingers.
  3. Use a special blackhead-extractor.
  4. Avoid excessive fatty & oily food stuff.
  5. Sandalwood,. turmeric, aloe, and neem are the best home remedies.
Herbal Medicines
  • The paste made of Jeera (cumin seeds) applied over the pimples gives relief. For a single application, 5gm of Jeera is sufficient to prepare the paste. After one hour, the application can be removed.The paste of 5gm each of red sandalwood (Rakta Chandan) and turmeric made with milk is a very efficacious local application.
  • Cumin seeds popularly known as ajwain are also useful in this condition. Prepare the paste of 5gm ajwain, duly adding required quantity of water and apply on the face.
  • Aloe vera should be taken internally.
  • Fresh juice of tender tulsi leaves is to be applied externally daily.
  • The paste of jatiphal (nutmeg) made with water is also very useful.
  • Make a paste by mixing honey and cinnamon powder. Apply this paste on the pimples before sleeping and wash it next morning with warm water. Repeat for two weeks, pimples will disappear forever.
  • Apply fresh mint juice over the face every night for the treatment of pimples, insect stings, eczema, scabies, & other skin infections.
  • Apply a mixture of 1 teaspoon lemon juice and 1 teaspoon cinnamon powder.
  • Apply a paste of fresh methi (fenugreek) leaves over the face every night for 10-15 minutes and washed with warm water. This will prevent pimples, blackheads, and wrinkles.
  • Mix groundnut oil with an equal amount of fresh lime juice and apply on face. Leave for 10-15 minutes and wash. It may be applied daily to prevent formation of blackheads and pimples (acne).
  • Apply juice of raw papaya (including the skin and seed) on swelling pimples or acne.
  • Apply fresh lime juice mixed to a glass of boiled milk as a face wash for pimples, blackheads, and cracked skin.
  • Mix lime juice and rose water in equal portions. Apply on affected area. Wash it off after 20-30 minutes with lukewarm water.
  • Apply ripe tomatoes pulp on acne pimples and keep up to 1 hour, then wash.
  • Make a paste of roasted & powdered pomegranate skin with fresh lime juice and apply over boils, acne, pimple, blackheads and whiteheads.
  • Apply grated potatoes as poultice to treat skin blemishes, wrinkles, boils, pimples, blackheads, whiteheads, etc.
  • Rub fresh garlic on and around pimples. Pimples will disappear without a mark with regular applications.
  • Make a paste of ground radish seeds with water and apply on face to remove blackheads.
  • Make a paste of salt in vinegar. Rub it on the pimples. Wash it off after 20-30 minutes with lukewarm water.
  • Make a paste of turmeric powder in mint juice. Apply on affected area. Wash it off after 20-30 minutes with lukewarm water.
  • Make a paste of neem leaves with turmeric powder. Apply on affected area. Wash it off after 20-30 minutes with lukewarm water. This is a good cure of acne.
  • Apply fresh mint juice over face every night for pimples or acne prevention.
  • Drinking of wheatgrass juice may remove acne.
 
Some common tips about acne
  • Wash your face in the morning and at night, and after you work out.
  • Keep your hair off your face and don\\\'t squeeze or pick at your pimples. Wash your hands before touching your face.
  • Experiment with makeup products; ask a parent, friend or sales clerk for help choosing the right product and guidance in putting it on. While makeup usually can\\\'t make a pimple invisible, it can minimize the blemish and give your skin a smoother overall tone.
  • Do some stress reducing exercises like yoga and meditation.
  • Talk to your health care professional or a dermatologist if your acne seems worse than average or if it\\\'s especially bothersome to you. A variety of prescription treatments are available to combat acne.

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