Pets, specially Dogs, Cats, Ferrets are commonly infested with parasites such as worms. There can be many causes for the many species of worms. In most cases, it's ingestion of the eggs. There are five types of worms that generally affect dogs: heartworms, roundworms, hookworms, tapeworms, and whipworms. Certain types of worms are easier to spot than others.
Common causes of pets getting worms :
Worms that lead to many pets health problems include roundworms, hookworms, whipworms, tapeworms and heartworms. Most of the time the worms infiltrates in pets when they eating infected stools, soil contaminated with worms, eating raw uncooked meat, flea and mosquito bite. Different worms have different mode of transmission. There are also worms that can be passed from the mother to the Puppies during pregnancy and some that can go from the milk to the Puppies.
Common symptoms of pets getting worms :
1) Visible worms or eggs in faeces - This is the most common way to confirm that your pet has worms. However, not all kinds of worms are visible to the naked eye.
2) Vomiting - Pets that have worms will often throw up. Roundworms can sometimes show up in a pet's vomit.
3) Visible worms in fur, or area around pets rear - Tapeworms, in particular, may appear as small moving segments, which later dry out to resemble grains of rice.
4) Pets that are lethargic and less active than normal may be showing symptoms of having worms.
5) Scratching or rubbing of rear on the ground or against furniture - if your pet shows signs of itchiness around the rear, it may be irritated by worms in the area. However, this could also be due to problems with anal glands (completely unrelated to worms).
6) If your pet shows signs of rapid weight loss, he may have a tapeworm or a whipworm.
7) Pets that show signs of skin irritation may have a severe infestation of worms.
8) Bloated stomach or belly - This is another common symptom of worms, often seen in puppies who contract worms from their mother.
9) If you notice a sudden change in your pets appetite, he may have come into contact with roundworms. Pets that are infected often lose their appetite. As worms steal a pet's nutrients, a pets with worms may also show a sudden increase in hunger.
10) A healthy pet should have a shiny thick coat. If your pet's coat begins to dull and dry out, he may have picked up a form of worms. Loss of hair or the appearance of rashes can also denote worms.
Prevent Pets from Worms :
The best way to control a parasite infestation in your pet is to prevent it from occurring in the first place. Regular and diligent preventative treatment and exams will help ensure no infestation in your pet.
1) Clean your pet's living area on a regular basis to remove feces and other waste materials.
2) Avoid your pets exposure to stray animals, rodents and death animals.
3) Limit your pet's exposure to other animal feces while walking (dogs like to walk with their noses to the ground and sniff for other animals.
4) Provide a fecal sample to your veterinarian for examination from 2 to 4 times before your pet is 1 year old.
5) Do a routine heartworm test (once a year). Treat your yard with pest control and purchase monthly flea/heartworm control.
6) Use a veterinarian-approved insecticide spray or powder to help control fleas.
7) Prevent your pet from eating animal carcasses, such as those of birds, rabbits and rodents. Carcasses can carry immature worms that can then mature after your pet has ingested them.
8) Control any infestations of mice or rats in the area with the appropriate bait and traps.
9) Train your pet or otherwise try to prevent your pet from eating any carrion that could be infested with parasites.
10)Take precautions when traveling with your pet. Before you go, check with your travel agent or veterinarian about risks at your destination.