There are various infectious diseases in dogs, which can inflict any of the dog breed, at any age. Understanding these dangerous dog diseases will allow you to protect your furry friend from infection. Here are the 10 famous diseases in dogs which is common to all breeds.
1) GIARDIA : Giardiasis refers to an intestinal infection that is caused by the protozoan parasite giardia, which is the most common intestinal parasite that is found in humans. Giardia is a dog disease that causes diarrhea with abdominal pain and consequent weight loss and poor weight gain. This dog disease results from a water-born parasite, after whom the disease of Giardia is named. Symptoms are more visible in younger animals than in older animals and can be either sudden (acute), temporary (transient), non-continuous (intermittent) , or ongoing (chronic) in nature. In some cases, dogs will exhibit diarrhea that is soft, frothy, greasy, and with a strong, awful odor or excessive mucus.
One of the most common causes of the parasitic infection is the ingestion of infected fecal material, as the cysts are shed in animal feces. The most common cause of transmission is actually waterborne, as the parasite prefers the cool and moist environment. Monthly Heartworm prevention pills, which also prevent other intestinal parasites, will protect your dog against Giardia.
2) DISTEMPER : Distemper is a highly contagious disease caused by a virus similar to the one that causes measles in people. . Distemper is caused by a highly contagious, airborne virus. It affects the dog's respi-ratory, gastrointestinal, and nervous systems. Early symptoms are those of a "cold"-runny eyes and nose, fever, cough, and often diarrhea. Later in the course of disease there may be nervous twitching, paralysis, and seizures (convulsions). And if untreated Distemper can lead to death. Distemper can be prevented with vaccinations.
3) PARVO : Parvo is the abbreviated term for Canine Parvovirus. The disease caused by this virus is much more common in puppies than in adult dogs because it thrives on the developing cells of the growing pup. The virus is difficult to kill and is easily spread. It attacks the gastroin-testinal system, causing fever, lethargy, vomiting, bloody diarrhea, and rapid dehydration. Treatment requires intensive IV fluid and supportive therapy and has a variable rate of success. Parvo can be prevented with vaccinations.
4) CORONAVIRUS : Canine coronavirus is a virus of the family Coronaviridae that causes a highly contagious intestinal disease worldwide in dogs. It was discovered in 1971 in Germany during an outbreak in sentry dogs. Canine coronavirus is a highly contagious viral infection attacking the gastrointestinal tract. Signs are similar to parvovirus infection, except it is generally milder and more effectively treated. At times, a dog may be infected with both Parvo and Coronavirus, in which case his symptoms will be more severe and may lead to death. Vaccination can protect dogs from Coronavirus.
5) HEPATITIS : Hepatitis means inflammation of the liver. Your pet's liver is a very complex organ that processes nutrients soon after they are absorbed through it's intestines. This makes it the first organ to come in contact with toxins and harmful products absorbed from your pet's foods. Canine infectious hepati-tis is a viral disease transmitted by urine,feces, or saliva of infected animals. It affects the liver, kidney, and blood vessels. The signs are fever, tissue
swelling, and hemorrhage. Treatment may require blood transfusions and intensive care; often it is not
successful. Vaccination can protect dogs from Hepatitis.
6) LYME DISEASE : Lyme disease is one of the most common tick-transmitted diseases in the world. It is caused by a spirochete (bacteria) species of the Borrelia burgdorferi group. Dominant clinical feature in dogs is recurrent lameness due to inflammation of the joints. There may also be a lack of appetite and depression. More serious complications include damage to the kidney, and rarely heart or nervous system disease. Many dogs with Lyme disease have recurrent lameness of the limbs due to inflammation of the joints. Others, meanwhile, may develop acute lameness, which lasts for only three to four days but recurs days to weeks later, with lameness in the same leg, or in other legs. Borrelia burgdorferi, which is the bacteria responsible for Lyme disease, is transmitted by slow-feeding, hard-shelled deer ticks. However, infection typically occurs after the Borrelia-carrying tick has been attached to the dog for at least 18 hours. Vaccination can protect dogs from Lyme disease.
7) LEPTOSPIROSIS : Leptospirosis is a disease that affects many kinds of animals besides dogs. It occurs throughout the World. Leptospirosis is caused by bacteria spread through contact with nasal se-cretions, urine, or saliva of infected animals. The disease also can infect humans. Lepto infects the kidneys and causes fever, vomiting, diarrhea, and jaundice. Treatment requires antibiotics, intensive care, and intravenous (IV) fluid therapy. Dogs that recover may be left with permanent kidney damage. Vaccination can protect dogs from Leptospirosis.
8) KENNEL COUGH : Kennel cough, the common name that is given to infectious canine tracheobronchitis, is a very highly contagious respiratory disease among dogs. As the name of the disease suggests, it is typified by inflammation of the trachea and bronchi. Canine infectious tracheobronchitis is caused by several viruses (including parain-fluenza) and bacteria (including bordetella). This highly contagious disease attacks the respi-ratory system, causing a chronic, dry, hack-ing cough. It is generally a mild infection, but it may progress to severe pneumonia in young pups or old dogs.
Vaccination can protect dogs from Kennel Cough.
9) RABIES : Once the most dreaded dog disease, Rabies is a caused by a virus, which attacks the brain. Rabies is a deadly disease that will be contracted through a bite from a rabid wild animal, such as skunks or raccoons, as well as bats. Unlike some dog disease, rabies can be passed to humans as well through a bite, or even just a scratch. It is transmitted by the bite of an in-fected animal. The virus infects the central nervous system, causing a brain infection (encephalitis),
which is always fatal. There is no treatment for dog or man after symptoms appear. However, a vaccine is effective in preventing the disease in people if it is administered soon after their possible exposure. Vaccination will protect dogs from Rabies and is mandatory for dogs throughout North America.
10) PARAINFLUENZA : Canine parainfluenza virus (CPIV) is a highly contagious respiratory virus and is one of the most common pathogens of infectious tracheobronchitis, also known as canine cough. Although the respiratory signs may resemble those of canine influenza, they are unrelated viruses and require different vaccines for protection. Once more, the name Kennel Cough may mislead dog owners into thinking that their dog is not at risk if he never stays at a kennel. However, Parainfluenza may be contracted by simply being around an infected dog, as in the park, the beach, or an off-leash dog park.