Python is one of the world’s largest snakes, the other being anaconda.It is the common name for a group of non-venomous constricting snakes, specifically the family Pythonidae.They live near the equator, in Asia and Africa, where it is hot and wet and their huge bodies can stay warm. They make their homes in caves or in trees and have become used to living in cities and towns since people have been moving in on their territory.Pythons are cold-blooded animals, but they can increase their body temperature through sunbathing.
Pythons range in size from 1 to 10 meters (3 to 30 feet) in length. Some pythons are among the longest species of snakes in the world; the Reticulated Python holds the record for longest snake, at 10.32 m (32 ft 9.5 in).Reticulated pythons can weigh up to 250 lb. Female pythons are usually larger than the males.
Small pythons eat lizards and rodents. Large pythons eat reptiles, fish, birds and mammals. The largest pythons may prey on pigs, antelope, goats, deer and crocodiles.They can eat that much in one meal and do not need to eat again for several months. Pythons kill their prey by wrapping around it and squeezing. Once dead, the prey is swallowed whole. The python unhinges its jaw and swallows the prey head first.
Pythons attack their prey from the ambush. They are well camouflaged and hidden usually in the trees.
Although they are mainly located on the ground or in the trees, pythons are excellent swimmers. Most species are ground-based, but some climb trees while others burrow underground.
Female lays 12-36 eggs. She protects eggs and keeps them warm by coiling her body around them. When babies hatch, mother leaves the nest. Young snakes need to look after themselves from the first day.
Pythons can live up to 40 years if well care for in captivity.