Blackbuck small antelope, Antilope cervicapra, found in semi desert plains and open forest throughout India. Male Blackbuck Antelope have black fur on their upper parts and white fur on their chest, belly, the inner sides of their legs, and on their muzzle and chin. They have white rings around their eyes and they have long, ringed horns that spiral with three to four turns and are up to 28 inches long. The male are born lighter in colour, but turns darker at maturity. The females are usually hornless. Males stand about 32 inches tall at the shoulders and weigh between 71 and 95 pounds. Males are dark brown in colour, while the young ones and females are light brown in colour. Blackbucks have the capacity to run 50 miles per hour. It is one of the fastest animals in the world.
Species : Antelope cervicapra cervicapra, Antelope cervicapra rajputanae, Antelope cervicapra centrali and Antelope cervicapra rupicapra.
The Blackbuck Antelope’s main diet consists of grass. They also eat leaves, pods, fruits, shrubs and flowers.
Blackbucks are commonly found in Punjab, Rajasthan, Haryana, Gujarat, and parts of Central India. They are also easily spotted at the Corbett, Bandhavgarh, Velavadar and Kanha National Park in India.
Male Blackbuck attains sexual maturity in 3 years and the female Blackbuck in approximately 2 years. Females attain sexual maturity much faster than the females. Males hold their nose up and place their horns parallel to their back, to attract the females during the mating season. Gestation period rests for ten months. Mating season of the Blackbuck rests from August to October and March to April. Females can give birth twice in the 14 months to one or two young ones at a time. Young ones remain with their mother up to the age of one year. Males remain in sexual excitement throughout the year.