Formatting and partitioning can cause physical wear of the hard drive.
When you format the hard drive special software writes data in multiple patterns and then fills the entire partition with 0's. This sequence of actions does not differ from a usual write operations, like copying files. During the partitioning process, the starting sectors of the hard drive are also modified to make changes in partition table. But for the hard drive this just another write operation. "Quick format" option is even less strained, because only file table is modified.